Along with the cathedrals of Chartres and AmiensReims is a member of the illustrious triad of "High Gothic" or "Classical" French cathedrals built in the 13th century. A later cathedral was built on the same site, but it burned down in The present Reims Cathedral was completed by the end of the 13th century, with the west front added in the 14th century based on 13th-century designs. In the meantime, the nave was lengthened to make room for the crowds that attended the coronations.
The Cathedral stands on the exact site of a roman temple built on a little hill above the muddy ground. The first version of the church was starting to be built during by proposal of Bishop Werner von Habsburg, but fire destroyed most of the original Romanesque building.
By the time that cathedral was being renovated at the end of the 12th century, this time with red stones carried from the nearby mountains of Vosgesthe gothic architectural style has reached Alsace and the future cathedral was starting to develop all characteristics of gothic aesthetics.
The project of the first cathedral in Alsace was handed to craftsman and stonemasons who had already worked on the also famous gothic cathedral in Chartres.
Although the cathedral was at first financed by the local prince bishop, after his defeat, the municipal bourgeoisie took charge of the work themselves.
Also, due to the lack of money, the citizens decided to contribute to the building fund with their private donations.
The person who was selected as an organizer of the whole procedure was Erwin von Steinbach he himself wanted to donate some money for the building of the church, but as he was penniless, he donated his horse!
He imagined and designed the magnificent west front of the cathedral and its main entrance. For the next four centuries, due to the height of its tower mthe Strasbourg Cathedral was considered the tallest building in modern world!
Furthermore, it was unique because it was one of the few gothic churches equipped with only one tower. Under the Reformation, inthe cathedral became a Protestant church. After the incorporation of Strasburg into France inthe cathedral was returned to the Catholics and dedicated to the Virgin the double doorway of the south transept depicts in the tympana two scenes commonly used to honour her death and her coronation in Heaven.
The cathedral greatly contributes to the history of Gothic sculpture. Inside, it is possible to admire the high Gothic styled baptistery made by Dotzingerthe magnificent pulpit decorated with numerous statuettes sculpted by Hans Hammer inthe Mount of Olives in the northern transept by Nicolas Roederand the St.
Lawrence's portal dating from the middle Ages. The cathedral has many other treasures: To its left, there are 15th-century mural paintings. The presence of an organ is attested as early as year There was also two other instruments built and modified in and The oldest sections of the actual organ case are not older than The bird's nest was built in the same period.
It is built in fir and is hung from the wall by a very large vertical oak beam down to the Samson's statue. To the right, the mobile character depicting a pretzel dealer was the famous Rohraffe crying monkey who, with his arm and head, punctuated the insults shouted by a cathedral's servant hidden in the loft during the procession on Pentecost Sunday.
The city herald's right arm on the left and the lion's mouth are also mobile. The famous tower was once almost completely destroyed during the French Revolution, inspired by anti-religious believes, some revolutionary leaders ordered its demolition.
But, a local locksmith conceived a brilliant scheme of making a huge Phrygian cap made of metal to cover the tower. The bomb shelling of and caused some damage of the Cathedral, but after few renovations and the replacements of missing statues, the Cathedral regained its original look.
The beauty of Strasbourg Cathedral inspired many famous men in history. Here are some of theirs impressions: But the true triumph of this Cathedral is the spire. It is a veritable tiara of stone with its crown and its cross.
It is a gigantic and delicate marvel. From the belfry, the view is wonderful.Notre-Dame de Paris: Notre-Dame de Paris, cathedral church in Paris, France. It is the most famous of the Gothic cathedrals of the Middle Ages and is distinguished for its size, antiquity, and architectural interest.
Notre-Dame lies at the eastern end of the Île de la Cité and was built on the ruins of two earlier. Chartres Cathedral, perhaps even more so than Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris (), is generally considered to be the greatest and best preserved example of Gothic architecture in France.
Located roughly 80 kilometres southwest of Paris, the Basilican cathedral was largely built between and , and was the fifth cathedral to stand. The kings of France were once crowned in Reims monstermanfilm.com with the cathedrals of Chartres and Amiens, Reims is a member of the illustrious triad of "High Gothic" or "Classical" French cathedrals built in the 13th century.
Chartres Cathedral, also called Notre-Dame d’Chartres or the Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Gothic cathedral located in the town of Chartres, northwestern France.
Generally ranked as one of the three chief examples of Gothic French architecture (along with Amiens Cathedral and Reims Cathedral), it is noted not only for its architectural innovations . Chartres Cathedral (full name Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres) is located in the medieval town of Chartres, about 50 miles from Paris..
Not only is Chartres Cathedral one of the greatest achievements in the history of architecture, it is almost perfectly preserved in its original design and details.
Cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres, c and c, Chartres (France). Chartres Cathedral, perhaps even more so than Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris (), is generally considered to be the greatest and best preserved example of Gothic architecture in France. Located roughly 80 kilometres southwest of Paris, the Basilican cathedral was largely built between and , and was the fifth cathedral to stand. Notre-Dame de Paris (/ ˈ n ɒ t r ə ˈ d ɑː m, ˈ n oʊ t r ə ˈ d eɪ m /; French: [nɔtʁə dam də paʁi] (listen); meaning "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is a medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France. The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French.
Interior of Leon Cathedral Spain. A treasure trove of medieval art of the late 13th century. Built during the period , it exemplifies Spanish Gothic architecture of the.