Christopher, and Rachel Fawcett. While very young, she had been married to and divorced from a Danish proprietor on St. After her divorce, the court prohibited her remarriage.
In Barcelona, Antonio Gaudi conceived architecture as a form of sculpture; the facade of the Casa Battlo in Barcelona — had no straight lines; it was encrusted with colorful mosaics of stone and ceramic tiles  Architects also began to experiment with new materials and techniques, which gave them greater freedom to create new forms.
In — in Paris Auguste Perret and Henri Sauvage began to use reinforced concretepreviously only used for industrial structures, to build apartment buildings.
The first concrete apartment buildings by Perret and Sauvage were covered with ceramic tiles, but in Perret built the first concrete parking garage on 51 rue de Ponthieu in Paris; here the concrete was left bare, and the space between the concrete was filled with glass windows.
Henri Sauvage added another construction innovation in an apartment building on Rue Vavin in Paris — ; the reinforced concrete building was in steps, with each floor set back from the floor below, creating a series of terraces.
Because of the concrete construction, no columns blocked the spectator's view of the stage. In his book Moderne Architektur he had called for a more rationalist style of architecture, based on "modern life".
Wagner declared his intention to express the function of the building in its exterior. The reinforced concrete exterior was covered with plaques of marble attached with bolts of polished aluminum.
The interior was purely functional and spare, a large open space of steel, glass and concrete where the only decoration was the structure itself. His Steiner Housein Viennawas an example of what he called rationalist architecture ; it had a simple stucco rectangular facade with square windows and no ornament.
The fame of the new movement, which became known as the Vienna Secession spread beyond Austria. Josef Hoffmanna student of Wagner, constructed a landmark of early modernist architecture, the Palais Stocletin Brussels, in — This residence, built of brick covered with Norwegian marble, was composed of geometric blocks, wings and a tower.
A large pool in front of the house reflected its cubic forms. The interior was decorated with paintings by Gustav Klimt and other artists, and the architect even designed clothing for the family to match the architecture.
Its goal was to bring together designers and industrialists, to turn out well-designed, high quality products, and in the process to invent a new type of architecture. In —, Adolf Meyer and Walter Gropiuswho had both worked for Behrens, built another revolutionary industrial plant, the Fagus factory in Alfeld an der Leine, a building without ornament where every construction element was on display.
The Werkbund organized a major exposition of modernist design in Cologne just a few weeks before the outbreak of the First World War in August For the Cologne exhibition, Bruno Taut built a revolutionary glass pavilion.This course was created by Rebecca Epperly Wire.
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