Lloyd's hearings resume Lloyd's of London returns to court today in its attempts to recover funds from non-paying names. Lloyd's hopes to secure Order 14 judgments in three test cases, setting a benchmark for future debt recoveries. The hearing opened in December. Arguments on behalf of names in Canada will be heard on Monday.
Was the LMS too big? Frederic Stansfield In his reply to my earlier letter about the size of the LMS September issueDoug Landau November issue makes many interesting points describing the company's engineering innovations.
But two of Landau's examples show how engineering developments within the LMS were subordinated to business issues. LMS management's rejection of electrification proposals, because of insufficient return on capital, is unsurprising when neither the scheme nor the one linked London with a major city such as Birmingham.
Also, the belt repair system to which Landau refers represented the development in Britain of "scientific management" techniques. As he indicates, this system had the business aim of reducing repair times and costs.
Letter writer would agree in general with Landau's observation that the Southern Railway was the most forward looking of the 'Big Four'. However, in my previous letter I compared the LMS not with its British contemporaries but with other European railways, which received more government support.
Britain's railways, including the LMS, did receive very limited government finance in the s. Landau does not address the question 'Was the LMS too big? The company's business failure to follow-up engineering developments, such as electrification and main line diesel locomotives, would suggest the opposite.
The LMS was if anything too small to attract the money needed to implement its engineers' technical innovations. Restaurant Cars and their Development.
John Macnab Many earlier restaurant cars of lasted well into BR days: The last five of these only went in mid Grahame Boyes Building on the success of the Early Railways Conference series, the organising committee has arranged to accommodate the interests of historians pursuing the origin and development of main line railways between and c This reflects the all-important years when railways first developed routes and networks and became major contributors to economic growth around the world.
This first conference has attracted papers from authors studying subjects in several parts of the world, in addition to the United Kingdom. These are related to economic, political, social and cultural progress in several countries, and business and financial incentive and practice.
They also cover developments in surveying, structural, architectural and building practices, as well as mechanical and electrical engineering. For information about the papers and other programme details, and to book your place at the conference, please go to www. This pamphlet brought together some elements of both articles.
The speaker 29 Novemberon whose input the pamphlet reported, was Col. O'Brien, the electrical engineer of the LYR. One voice from the floor: Hawksworth' - clearly a gathering worthy of record: In those relatively early days of electrification people naturally drew on such examples as were available: Paul were O'Brien's favourites on that occasion.
O'Brien and his audience touched on some crucial issues.
O'Brien revealed, or claimed, that the Liverpool-Sandhills stretch alone ie first station out of Liverpool Exchange shared occupancy with a goods traffic "Greater thanThe history of banking began with the first prototype banks which were the merchants of the world, who made grain loans to farmers and traders who carried goods between cities.
This was around BC in Assyria, India and monstermanfilm.com, in ancient Greece and during the Roman Empire, lenders based in temples made loans, while accepting deposits and performing the change of money. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from monstermanfilm.com a Figures are for Birmingham and the Black Country in For source see n. 8 below. More detailed figures are available for the metal trade alone.
Table 2 sets out the distribution in of plants and employment in Birmingham and the Black Country for the metal trades (including jewellery and guns). Underwriting Assistant jobs available on monstermanfilm.com Apply to Assistant Underwriter, Insurance Underwriter, Underwriter Trainee and more!
News. It's hard to think of an aspect of everyday life, or the downright extraordinary, that isn't impacted on by risk. We've selected a few interesting articles to show you just how diverse and far .
Backtrack magazine:illustrated journal about railway and locomotive history.