Yet, cities and urban areas across the world face major challenges:
Xeriscaping - garden and landscape design for water conservation Sustainable transportincorporates five elements: Key areas of focus are soil, vegetation, hydrology, materials, and human health and well being.
Increase of Cycling infrastructure would increase cycling within cities and reduce the amount of cars being driven and in turn reduce car emissions.
This would also benefit the health of citizens as they would be able to get more exercise through cycling. Educating residents of cities about the positive impacts of living in a more sustainable city and why it is important would increase the initiative to have sustainable developments and push people to live Sustainable citys a more sustainable Sustainable citys.
Architecture[ edit ] Buildings provide the infrastructure for a functioning city and allow for many opportunities to demonstrate a commitment to sustainability. A commitment to sustainable architecture encompasses all phases of building including the planning, building, and restructuring. Sustainable Site Initiatives is used by landscape architects, designers, engineers, architects, developers, policy-makers and others to align land development and management with innovative sustainable design.
Eco-industrial park[ edit ] The purpose of an eco-industrial park is to connect a number of firms and organizations to work together to decrease their environmental impact while simultaneously improving their economic performance.
The community Sustainable citys businesses accomplishes this goal through collaboration in managing environmental and resource issues, such as energy, water, and materials.
The components for building an eco-industrial park include natural systems, more efficient use of energy, and more efficient material and water flows Industrial parks should be built to fit into their natural settings in order to reduce environmental impacts, which can be accomplished through plant design, landscaping, and choice of materials.
For instance, there is an industrial park in Michigan built by Phoenix Designs that is made almost entirely from recycled materials. The landscaping of the building will include native trees, grasses, and flowers, and the landscaping design will also act as climate shelter for the facility.
In choosing the materials for building an eco-industrial park, designers must consider the life-cycle analysis of each medium that goes into the building to assess their true impact on the environment and to ensure that they are using it from one plant to another, steam connections from firms to provide heating for homes in the area, and using renewable energy such as wind and solar power.
In terms of material flows, the companies in an eco-industrial park may have common waste treatment facilities, a means for transporting by-products from one plant to another, or anchoring the park around resource recovery companies that are recruited to the location or started from scratch.
To create more efficient water flows in industrial parks, the processed water from one plant can be reused by another plant and the parks infrastructure can include a way to collect and reuse storm water runoff. Urban Agriculture Urban farming is the process of growing and distributing food, as well as raising animals, in and around a city or in urban area.
According to the RUAF Foundation, urban farming is different from rural agriculture because "it is integrated into the urban economic and ecological system: Such linkages include the use of urban residents as labourers, use of typical urban resources like organic waste as compost and urban wastewater for irrigationdirect links with urban consumers, direct impacts on urban ecology positive and negativebeing part of the urban food system, competing for land with other urban functions, being influenced by urban policies and plans, etc.
In order for urban farming to be a successful method of sustainable food growth, cities must allot a common area for community gardens or farms, as well as a common area for a farmers market in which the foodstuffs grown within the city can be sold to the residents of the urban system.
Berms of fava beans have been planted at Hayes Valley Farm, a community-built farm on the former Central freeway ramps of San Francisco.
Urban infill[ edit ] Many cities are currently in a shift from the suburban sprawl model of development to a return to urban dense living. This shift in geographic distribution of population leads to a denser core of city residents. These residents provide a growing demand in many sectors that is reflected in the architectural fabric of the city.
This new demand can be supplied by new construction or historic rehabilitation. Sustainable cities will opt for historical rehabilitation wherever possible.
Having people live in higher densities not only gives economies of scale but also allows for infrastructure to be more efficient. Walkable urbanism[ edit ] Walkable urbanism is a development strategy in opposition to suburban sprawl. It advocates housing for a diverse population, a full mix of uses, walkable streets, positive public spaceintegrated civic and commercial centers, transit orientation and accessible open space.
It also advocates for density and accessibility of commercial and government activity. New Urbanism[ edit ] The most clearly defined form of walkable urbanism is known as the Charter of New Urbanism. It is an approach for successfully reducing environmental impacts by altering the built environment to create and preserve smart cities which support sustainable transport.The Australian Sustainable Cities Awards encourage, motivate and celebrate the local sustainability achievements of urban communities across Australia.
Goal Sustainable cities and communities. More than half of the world’s population now live in urban areas. By , that figure will have risen to billion people – two-thirds of all humanity. Smart Cities Dive provides the latest news and trends on sustainable, connected and livable cities.
The UCL Grand Challenge of Sustainable Cities examines one of the most urgent issues facing the world today: increasing and relentless urbanisation. The UCL Grand Challenge of Sustainable Cities has supported 38 small research projects and counting since , on a range of topics including creating.
Everyone is at risk from the impacts of climate change, and with no action, the world faces significant financial, public health, and safety consequences. Sustainable cities, urban sustainability, or eco-city (also "ecocity") is a city designed with consideration for social, economic, environmental impact, and resilient habitat for existing populations, without compromising the ability of future generations to experience the same.