The story begins by leading the readers to think that the relationship between M. Lantin and his wife is stable and pleasantly upright.
From Flaubert, de Maupassant learned that his job as a writer was to observe and then report common occurrences in an original way. His stories would show less sympathy for their characters than did those of Anton Chekhov, another writer of his era with whom de Maupassant is often associated.
He published almost three hundred stories written in the naturalist style before suffering a lingering illness and death from syphilis. His narrator acts as a nonjudgmental observer. De Maupassant sets a cynical tone early in the tale though his vocabulary choice: De Maupassant provides no evidence of an epiphany that might demonstrate that Mathilde has learned or benefited in any way from her foolish actions.
However, readers may realize that her failure to take responsibility for her actions is the flaw that leads to her fall. Mathilde is born into a family of clerks, lacks a dowry, is unable to perform any service, and, most important, lacks any expectations: She is thus destined to remain in her low station.
She pretends through role-playing to be a member of the upper class, and her longings promote dissatisfaction with her middle-class life. Some Marxist critics focus on power structures and control of one group by another based on material possessions.
In contrast, Monsieur Loisel is accepting of his social place. Any regrets he holds are on behalf of his wife, whose misery greatly affects his existence.
Marxist ideology promotes revolution by the working class, which see all surplus value extracted from the products of its labor for the benefit of the upper classes.
Rather than physically revolting against her circumstances, however, Mathilde escapes her circumstances through fantasy, desiring the things that the upper classes possess and thereby accepting bourgeois values as her own. Her situation is untenable, as she can never become a part of the class she longs to join, but neither can she accept her own position.
By accepting an invitation to interact on a temporary basis with the members of the upper class, Mathilde complies with their requirements. Not only do these requirements effectively force the Loisels to retain their lower social status, but they also cause a further loss of income by requiring Monsieur Loisel to spend money he cannot afford to dress Mathilde as she desires.
Because women cannot work for success, they must depend upon the confines of marriage to advance their social standing, as Madame Forestier does. Women succeed in this society only as fashion objects.
A crucial symbol for feminist critics is the mirror in which Mathilde admires herself, which represents objectification. Deconstructionist critics might focus on the binary opposition between wealth and poverty, discussing how in this instance poverty is the preferred condition, because through poverty Mathilde sees that she was not poor in her previous circumstance.The esson will begin with a brief background lecture on Guy de Maupassant’s life and career (5m).
Students will be encouraged to take notes during this time.
Students will listen to “The Necklace” on CD until they hear that Madame Loisel has lost the diamond necklace (10M). The Irony In "The Necklace", by Guy De Maupassant Essay As I worked on my pervious paper, I questioned myself if there was a literary term and if there was which one over powered the story - The Irony In "The Necklace", by Guy De Maupassant Essay introduction.
“The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant Essay Sample. In “The Necklace”, Guy de Maupassant creates an irony about the Mme.
Loisel, who always dreams she would live in a luxury life, which later costs her ten years of working to pay off for what she dreams for. Mme. Mathilde Loisel was born in a poor family, so she dreamed someday she would have a husband who is “rich and distinguish. Compare and contrast the life of Mme Lebrun before and after the disappearance of the necklace.
Why was Mme Loisel anxious to hurry away from the ball? What efforts were made to find Mme Forestier's necklace? In his short story, "The Necklace", Guy de Maupassant uses many instances of irony to demonstrate how excessive vanity can twist and distort the lives of those who focus too much on surface appearances.
Below is an essay on "The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. "The Necklace" (in French, "La Parure") is perhaps the most famous short story by French author Guy de Maupassant.