Jewish ethics and the Mussar Movement The Siddur prayer book and Jewish liturgy Piyyut, or classical Jewish poetry Non-Orthodox Jews include many other Jewish works of contemporary philosophytheology, Biblical Criticismand psychology. Jewish Law and interpretation Main article: Halakha The basis of Jewish law is the Torah the five books of Moses. According to rabbinic tradition there are commandments in the Torah, although many laws were only applicable when the Temple in Jerusalem existed, and fewer than of these commandments are still applicable today.
Here is a great history lesson on this subject. For Spain, was to be the most important year in its history, as well as one of the most important in world history. Then, on March 31, the Catholic monarchs signed a royal edict that ordered all Jews in Spain to convert to Christianity or ship out.
Five months later Columbus sailed out of the Spanish port of Palos hoping to discover a new route to the Indies. No one seemed to care what was done to the Muslims, who were also given the choice of conversion or expulsion a few years later, just as no one these days seems to care much about what was done to non-Jews in WWII German and Soviet concentration camps, where the death toll of Gentiles was probably ten times greater than the number of Jewish fatalities.
Actually, any Jew who converted to Christianity was perfectly free to stay in Spain. Those who left could take all their earthly possessions with them, except gold and silver coins and trinkets. The current media story line is that the Spanish, in a fit of blind religious fanaticism, cut off their noses to spite their faces by kicking out the clever and enterprising Jewish community.
Having heard these tearful tales over and over Violence against jews was the main, history buffs could be forgiven for thinking that only mass insanity could have led Spaniards to commit such an enormous gaffe. Only greed, envy, ignorance and Christian bigotry could possibly explain this act of pure folly.
But that is not the end of the story! As is almost always the case, there was a price to be paid for persecuting the Jews.
Per usual, when it comes to Jews, the story they tell is, shall we say, at variance with the facts. Fourteen hundred and ninety-two was the year Spanish civilization took off like a rocket.
Within a century or two, Cervantes was writing Don Quixote; Velasquez was painting his incomparable portraits; Calder6n was writing his brilliant plays.
Recounting a day of rage, hate, violence and death How a rally of white nationalists and supremacists at the University of Virginia turned into a “tragic, tragic weekend.”. Violence against women (VAW), also known as gender-based violence and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is, collectively, violent acts that are primarily or exclusively committed against women and girls. Sometimes considered a hate crime, this type of violence is gender-based, meaning that the acts of violence are committed against women and girls expressly because they are female. Aug 26, · Excellent post. However, it should be noted that the Jewish community is split on the Ground Zero mosque. The ADL, probably the most powerful organization of American Jewry, has come out against the mosque.
Might it be possible that the same unshackling of cultural forces would produce similar results if the Jews left the U. Spain had its origins in the Roman Empire. The Roman provinces in what is now Spain and Portugal furnished the Empire with some of its greatest emperors.
The Visigothic kings were Christianized and ruled over a population comprised partly of Nordics and largely of mediterraneans, with a heavy sprinkling of Jews. Later, when the Arabs imposed Islam on Spain, the composition of the population was not greatly changed. The overwhelming majority of Arabs and Spaniards belonged to the Mediterranean race, though Nordic racial traits, such as fair complexions and blue eyes Isabella had themwere discernible in the ruling circles of both peoples.
Some Nordic genes had been implanted by the Vandals who swept through Spain before the Visigoths and fought their way as far as Tunis in North Africa. Here, it might also be noted, that the Muslim rulers and caliphs of Spain were not exactly cultural throwbacks.
The Alhambra Palace in Granada is the most beautiful and most graceful pleasure dome to be found on any continent.
In the Muslims launched their first raid on Spain, which was repulsed by the Visigothic fleet. The reasons for the woefully poor showing of the Visigoths vis-A-vis the Arab invaders had to do with treason in high places.
There a Visigothic knight, Pelayo, refused to bow down to the Muslims and won the first battle in a year-war between Islam and Christianity.
The Reconquista, as it is known, was a glorious era in the history of the West. A proud and fierce people would be tried and tested in a thousand battles. The Jews, as is their custom, quickly burrowed into the Arab fabric of Spain.
Generally preferring Muslim to Christian overlords, the People of the Book were allowed to practice their religion without interference and became key elements in Muslim society. By the 11th century the situation in Spain had become fluid, with the Christians slowly nibbling back parts of their lost lands, while constantly under the threat of fierce Muslim counterattacks.
In both the Muslim and Christian parts of Spain, Jews engaged in all their age-old occupational specialties:Defining his organization as an “Islamophobia Monitoring Group”, Mughal wrote an editorial for Times of Israel in April wherein he urged his fellow Muslims to abandon “anti-Semitism” because of the leading role of Jews in opening up European societies to Muslims.
He praised the role of “Jewish men and women who had stood firm on the streets of our country against those who. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Orthodox Judaism holds that the Torah was written by God and dictated to Moses, and that the laws within it are binding and monstermanfilm.comox Judaism consists of Modern Orthodox Judaism and Haredi Judaism. Hasidic Judaism is a sub-set of Haredi Judaism.
Most Jews affirm a form of Jewish theology based on Maimonides' 13 principles of Jewish faith. Aug 26, · Excellent post.
However, it should be noted that the Jewish community is split on the Ground Zero mosque. The ADL, probably the most powerful organization of American Jewry, has come out against the mosque. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
There was no classroom big enough, so they rented a stadium. Masses of authentic Torah Jews are expected to fill the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum to capacity this Sunday at PM to hear major rabbis lecture on the incompatibility of Judaism and Zionism.